months


months
The early Hebrews used a lunar calendar, and the first of each month was signalled by the new moon. The names of the months were Canaanite: several are mentioned in the OT (e.g. Ziv, the second month, 1 Kgs. 6:1; Bul, the eighth month, 1 Kgs. 6:38). During the Exile numbers were adopted, followed after the Exile by the Babylonian names which had been learnt; those months mentioned in the OT begin with Nisan (March–April), during which Passover was celebrated; then Chislev (Neh. 1:1), Tebeth (Esther 2:16), Shebat (Zech. 1:7), and Adar (Ezra 6:15). When a solar calendar was adopted, the old lunar calendar was retained in some religious circles (e.g. at Qumran). In the NT there are no names of months.

Dictionary of the Bible.

Look at other dictionaries:

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